Did the Misdiagnosis Harm the Patient?
If the misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis caused the patient’s condition to worsen beyond what it would have if it had been properly diagnosed in a reasonable amount of time, then the misdiagnosis has harmed the patient.
This may come in the form of the patient undergoing a more severe treatment regimen because of a delayed diagnosis, or even no response to treatment since the disease had already progressed to an advanced stage.
In certain diseases where a delayed diagnosis increases the risk of recurrence, a patient can also show harm in this manner. If the doctor diagnosed the patient with a disease they did not actually have, then the patient may experience anxiety, stress or medical complications, which can also be labelled as harmful to the patient. The expenses incurred due to unnecessary treatment can also be considered harmful.